Sudden cardiac arrest is a condition in which the heart stops beating unexpectedly. Unfortunately, no one is immune from SCA, meaning anyone can suffer regardless of age, gender, health condition and ethnicity. Death can occur in minutes if the proper treatment isn't administered to the patient quickly enough.
Sudden cardiac arrest shows limited symptoms, however in some occasions symptoms such as fainting, chest pain, nausea, weakness, shortness of breath, dizziness, blackouts and fatigue can be followed by SCA. In the majority of cases, the patient will collapse, lose consciousness and have no pulse.
The only definitive treatment for sudden cardiac arrest is effective CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and a life-saving shock from a defibrillator.
Our infographic outlines exactly what a sudden cardiac arrest is and what steps should be taken if someone close by is suffering from an SCA:
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